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betwayƻ-当心“诺如病毒”来袭 Watch Out for Norovirus

发表时间:2018-11-15 18:27:42  编辑:信息中心 撰稿:杨丹 翻译:冯丽


    一:什么是诺如病毒呢?

    Whatis norovirus?

    诺如病毒性腹泻是由诺如病毒属病毒引起的腹泻,具有发病急、传播速度快、涉及范围广的特点,是引起非细菌性腹泻暴发的主要病因。主要症状为恶心、呕吐、发热、腹痛和腹泻等,儿童患者呕吐普遍,成人患者腹泻为多。潜伏期为24h-48h,最短12h,最长72h,以每年9月至次年3月寒冷季节高发。

    Norovirus diarrhea is a kind of diarrhea caused by Norovirus, which has the characteristics of rapid onset, rapid transmission and wide range. Norovirus diarrhea is the main cause of the outbreak of non-bacterial diarrhea. The mainsymptoms were nausea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Vomitingwas common in children, and diarrhea was common in adults.Everyyear from September to March is a high incidence period. The incubation periodis 24h-48h, the shortest 12h, the longest 72h.


    二:传播途径是什么呢?

    Whatis the way of transmission?

    诺如病毒感染性强,以肠道传播为主,可通过污染的水源、食物、物品、空气等传播,在学校及托幼机构等可引起集体暴发。

    Norovirusis highly infectious, mainly transmitted in the intestinal tract. It can betransmitted through polluted water sources, food, articles, air, etc. It cancause collective outbreaks in schools and kindergartens.


    三:防治措施是什么呢?

    What are the preventive measures?

    1.学生注意个人卫生,勤洗手;不吃生冷、未熟及腐烂食物;减少到人群密集的地方玩耍。

    1. Students shouldpay attention to personal hygiene and wash their hands frequently. They shouldnot eat raw, cold, unripe and rotten food. They should reduce their play tocrowded places.


    2.学校继续加强以预防肠道传染病为重点的教育宣讲,提倡喝热水,不吃生冷食物,尤其是生食贝壳类水产品,饭前便后要洗手,养成良好的卫生习惯;教室常通风,加强学生体育锻炼。

    2. Schoolscontinue to strengthen education and propaganda focusing on the prevention ofintestinal infectious diseases, advocating drinking hot water, not eating rawand cold food, especially raw shellfish aquatic products, washing hands beforeand after meals, developing good hygienic habits; classroom ventilation, strengthening students' physical exercise.



    3.对确诊患者立即进行隔离治疗,学校立即进行疫情报告及相关场所物品的消毒处理。隔离时间为病情痊愈后三天,持医院开具的痊愈证明,到相关社区医院开具复课证明后方可入校。

    3. Isolation treatment should be carried outimmediately for the confirmed patients, and the school should immediately carryout the epidemic report and disinfection treatment of articles in relevant places.Isolation time is three days after the recovery of the disease, with thehospital issued a certificate of recovery, to the relevant community hospitalissued a certificate of resumption of classes before admission.





  编辑:信息中心 撰稿:杨丹 翻译:冯丽
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